Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA Citation Style (7th edition)

Parts of a Citation

When creating a citation you are answering 4 questions: 

A. AUTHOR: Who created this resource? a single Author? More than one author? An organization?

B. DATE: When was this resource created? Date: details included depend on the resource e.g. (year), (year, month, date).

C. TITLE: What is this resource called? Title!

D. SOURCE: Where does this resource come from (or, where can my reader find this resource)? This can include the title of a larger work that your resource is part of (like one story from an anthology or one article from a journal) Publisher, and DOI or URL.


APA Citation Style

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition, 2019

Author(s) Date Title (book, article or webpage) Source (publisher, journal title, site name, DOI or URL) 


Valfre, M.M.  (2009). Foundations of mental health care. Mosby Elsevier. 

Journal article from a library database:

Chang, Y., Davidson, C., Conklin, S., & Ewert, A.  (2019). The impact of short-term adventure-based outdoor programs on college students’ stress reduction.  Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 19(1), 67-83.

Webpage within a website:

Ligaya, A.  (2007, November 21). Is 'excited delirium' at the root of many Taser deaths? CBC.