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APA Citation Style (7th edition)


The basic information you may need is:

  • artist or creator's name
  • title of the work if known
  • date it was created
  • repository, museum, or owner
  • city or country of origin
  • dimensions of the work
  • material or medium such as oil on canvas, marble, found objects
  • author of article or book if applicable
  • title and date of journal if applicable
  • database name if applicable
  • date of access if online
  • date of publication if originally from print material
  • URL if applicable

Adding Images to your Paper

All types of graphical displays, other than tables are considered figures in APA Style (7.22 APA Publication Manual, p.225)

Also, include within the Figure's general note any acknowledgement that the figure is reprinted or adapted from another source (7.28, APA Publication Manual, p.229)

For Copyright attribution formats and related information see section 12.18 of the APA Publication Manual, p.389-390.

If you found the image in a book you will need the author, title, publisher information, date, and page, figure or plate number of the reproduction (12.18, APA Publication Manual, p. 389 also see section 8.13)

If you found the image online you will need the web site address (URL) and in some cases an image ID number.

  • Images should be labeled Figure (usually abbreviated Fig.)
  • Assigned an Arabic numeral and given a Note (7.28, APA Publication Manual, p.229)
  • The note should appear directly below the image. Include, at minimum, artist (last name, first name), title, type of  work, work date and source.
  • For more descriptive notes, it is acceptable to include materials and measurements, the institution or individual who owns the work, and the location of the institution.


Artworks, Photographs, Maps retrieved online

Using visual works in assignments & class presentations

  • If the image is for use only in an assignment or a PowerPoint presentation, follow the advice in this section of the guide. For copyright information refer to Section 12.18 of the APA Publication Manual.

Reference list

  • Reference the source where the image was obtained from. If an image was viewed in a gallery or online then cite the image directly as a standalone work. For images included in other sources reference the book, website or journal article that the image came from. 
  • If the author is the same as the name of the web page, omit the name of the web page.

In-text citations

  • The in-text citation for an image should be put underneath the image with the format - Note. [add explanatory notes here, if applicable - if no notes are applicable, just use the word "source" to explain what the note is noting] (author, date). Include the page number if applicable, for example an image from a book or journal article.

Basic Template for Image Citation

Author (date) Title Source (Publisher, URL)
Artist, A. (date of creation) Title of work [Format]. Museum Name, Museum Location https://###

Image of a painting from a museum or on a museum website or an art database (Sec. 10.14, #97, APA Publication Manual 7th ed., p. 346)

  • Use this format to cite all types of museum artwork;paintings, sculpture, photographs, prints, installations, etc.
  • Always include a description of the medium in square brackets

Duveneck, F. (1872). Whistling boy [Painting]. Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Niviaksiak. (1959). Caribou, winter light [Print]. The National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

Vermeer, J. (1669-1670). The Lacemaker [Painting]. The Louvre, Paris, France.


(Duveneck, 1872).

(Niviaksiak, 1959).

(Vermeer, 1669-1670).


Image of a photograph from website (Sec. 10.14, #101, APA Publication Manual 7th ed., p. 347)

  • Use this format to cite (but not reproduce) photographs or other artwork not connected to a museum.
  • For an untitled photograph, include a description in square brackets in place of a title.
  • To reproduce a photograph, permission and/or a copyright attribution may be necessary in addition to the reference (see Section 12.15, APA Publication Manual 7th ed.).
  • The publisher is the site from which the image was retrieved.

McCurry, S. (1985). Afghan girl [Photograph]. National Geographic.

Rinaldi, J. (2016). [Photograph series of a boy who finds his footing after abuse by those he trusted]. The Pulitzer Prizes.


(McCurry, 1985).

(Rinaldi, 2016).



Image in a print book (Sec. 10.14, #101, APA Publication Manual 7th ed., p. 346)

  • Use this format to cite (but not reproduce) photographs or other artwork not connected to a museum.
  • Reference the source material and include the page number of the image with the in-text citation (8.13, APA Publication Manual, p.264)

Gainsborough, T. (1785). The morning walk [Painting]. Reproduced in Strong, R. (2000). The spirit of Britain: A narrative history of the arts (p.435). Pimlico.


(Strong, 2000, p. 435)


Infographic (Sec.10.14 # 99 APA Style Publication Manual p.346)

Reference Example

Rossman, J., & Palmer, R. (2015). Sorting through our space junk [Infographic]. World Science Festival.

Statistics Canada. (2020, August 28). A glance at women’s labour mobility and job stability, 1980 to 2018 [Infographic].

In-text Example

(Rossman & Palmer, 2015)

(Statistics Canada, 2020)


Clip Art or stock image (Sec.10.14, #98, APA Style Publication Manual  7th ed.,p.346)

  • Use this format to cite (but not reproduce) most clip art or stock images.
  • To reproduce clip art or stock images, permission and/or a copyright attribution may be necessary in addition to the reference.
  • No citation, permission, or copyright attribution is necessary for clip art from programs like Microsoft Word or PowerPoint (see 12.15 APA Style Publication Manual 7th ed., p.385).

4p4n. (2020). Book frame [Clip art]. Openclipart.


(4p4n, 2020)