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APA Citation Style (7th edition)

Class notes, PowerPoints, etc.

Class notes (Sec. 8.9 APA Publication Manual)

  • Cite information from your own personal notes from a lecture as a personal communication and refer to it only in the body of your essay. Do not add to your Reference List.

No Reference list entry required


In a lecture on November 23, 2018, to a BUS 130 class, instructor Smith said...


PowerPoint presentation or Lecture Notes posted to D2L (10.14 example 102 APA Publication Manual)

  • If the slides come from a classroom website (D2L, Blackboard, etc.) and you are writing for an audience with access to that resource, provide the name of the site and its URL. Use the login page URL for sites requiring a login.
Reference Examples

Won, S. (2020). Week 2 Thinking like a nurse [PowerPoint slides]. NURS-111-X02 Discipline of Nursing. D2L@Camosun.

Jaffey, M. (n.d.). Global marketing [PDF document]. MARK-110-007 Introduction to Marketing. D2L@Camosun.

In-text Example

(Won, 2020, slide 9)

(Jaffey, n.d.)


In lecture notes to a MARK 110 class, M. Jaffey (n.d.) wrote...