Some courses include a group work component for completion, though the requirement to work in a group is not essential to the learning required. In other words, learning to work in a group is not itself a learning outcome being taught or assessed. An example would be a History or Political Science course where there is a group presentation to the class. In this case, a student could likely be offered an opportunity to do an independent research paper and still demonstrate the knowledge required to be assessed on mastery of the content of these courses.
However, many course and field curriculums are structured around active, collaborative and social learning through group work participation. In some of these courses and programs, working in a group is an essential learning outcome / essential course requirement and there are limited and in some cases, no options for adaptations.
Course instructors considering an accommodation around flexibility for group work may consider: