Chicago Citation Parts in Brief
The following are examples of a few of the most commonly used citation parts in the Chicago style. If you are uncertain about the parts of a citation, check with your instructor, visit the Library Research Help Desk, or contact AskAway.
The author(s) or creator(s) of the work. Consists of a first name and last name, and sometimes middle initials.
Title of article, chapter, or webpage
Title of the work. Subtitles are included after the main title, and separated from the main title using a full colon ":".
Title of journal, book, or website
This is the name of the journal, website, newspaper, etc. that contains the work you are referring to.
This refers to other people who were involved with the work, such as an editor, narrator, or translator.
Use this when your source indicates it is a different version from the original, e.g., revised edition, 8th edition, or director's cut.
This element is used to refer to volume numbers in books, volume and/or issue numbers in journals, seasons and episodes in television shows, etc.
Publisher (or sponsor of website)
The publisher is the organization responsible for making the source available to the public, whether in print or online.
This is the date when the source was published. In the case of online resources, date can also be used to indicate the date the information was last updated or accessed.
This refers to the city or place the source was published.
This refers to the page location of your source. For example, the page numbers of an article in a journal or magazine, or the pages of a chapter in a book.
URL or DOI
For online resources, use the URL to indicate where you found the article. Wherever possible, use a persistent or stable URL, or "permalink". Many resources found using Library Databases have been assigned a DOI. In cases where both URL and DOIs are available, use the DOI instead.
When referencing audiovisual media, including CDs, DVDs, VHS, film, and digital formats such as MPEG, MP3, and WAV, the format of the resources are included in the citation.