Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

IEEE Citation Style

What is IEEE?

The IEEE is the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and their citation system is what they require of authors writing for their publications.

IEEE referencing is a numeric system that consists of a two part process:

  1.  In-text citations, which appear within your paper, where the source is given a citation number in square brackets e.g. [3].If you are using an exact quote from a source then it would also include a page number e.g. [3, p. 12]
  2. The full details of the source are provided in a numbered reference list at the end: reference numbers match the the order of appearance in the text. The same number is used in all subsequent quotes or references from that source.

‚ÄčWhere does the number get entered?

Put your citation number directly after the reference, not at the end of the sentence (unless this is where the reference is mentioned). Punctuation should be placed outside of the brackets.

About IEEE Style

IEEE Style uses a notational method of referencing when referring to a source of information within the text of a document. 

In its simplest form a citation is given in the text, consisting of a number enclosed by square brackets:

Sentence followed by the number one enclosed with square brackets folowed by a period

The full details of the source are given in a numerical reference list at the end of the document: