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IEEE Citation Style

What is IEEE?

The IEEE is the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. They require that authors writing in their publications use their citation system.

IEEE referencing is a numeric system that consists of a two parts:

  1.  In-text citations, which appear in the body of your paper. Give each of the sources you cite a consecutive number and list it in square brackets e.g. [3].  If you use an exact quote from a source, "wrapped in quotation marks", your citation must also include a page number e.g. [3, p.12]
  2. Full citations, which appear in your reference list at the end of your paper. Full citations must be listed in the same numerical order as in the body of your paper.  The same number is used in all subsequent quotes or references from that source.

‚ÄčWhere does the number get entered?

Put your citation number directly after the reference, not at the end of the sentence (unless this is where the reference is mentioned). Punctuation should be placed outside of the brackets.

About IEEE Style

IEEE Style uses an end-note method of referencing a source of information within the text of a document. 

In its simplest form a citation is given in the text, consisting of a number enclosed by square brackets:

Sentence followed by the number one enclosed with square brackets folowed by a period

The full details of the source are given in a numerical reference list at the end of the document: