MLA 9th edition active learning links:
The Modern Language Association (MLA) simplified its citation guidelines in the 8th edition of their handbook.
We now use a universal set of elements that can be applied to any format type.
You may not need to include all of the elements, but the elements used must appear in the same order as shown in the list on the right, using the punctuation marks indicated.
Focusing on common elements is meant to make creating your citations easier; particularly for new and emerging publishing platforms.
The biggest change is that missing information is no-longer indicated in the citation. For practice templates and more information visit the MLA Quick Guide
The 9th edition of the MLA Handbook does not make drastic changes from the 8th edition, instead they have expanded on the number of examples provided and added more illustrations with expanded advice on writing, and manuscript formatting.
New advice on using inclusive language can be found in chapter 3, pages 89 to 93.
New section on Annotated Bibliographies is on page 226: chapter 5 - section 132.
Chapter 7: Notes, is new and provides advice on using bibliographic notes, content notes and how to style them. Notes are not required and only used at the author’s discretion to provide additional information or commentary.
Element changes: Other Contributor(s) is now just Contributor.
‘Optional elements’ are now called Supplemental, and advice is provided for when to use it and where it should appear in your citation, which is after title of source & location. Supplemental elements are always followed by a period.
Books and Other Printed Works
Sample Article citation using elements of the 8th Edition; this example has two containers.
The final citation in your works cited list, based on the sample below, would look like this:
Sample citation creation borrowed from MLA Style Guide: Note that the elements that are not necessary are left out.