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APA Citation Style (7th edition)

Class notes, PowerPoints, etc.

Class notes (Sec. 8.9 APA Publication Manual)

  • Cite information from your own personal notes from a lecture as a personal communication and refer to it only in the body of your essay. Do not add to your Reference List.
Reference
Example

No Reference list entry required

In-text
Example

In a lecture on November 23, 2018, to a BUS 130 class, instructor Smith said...

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Personal communication (8.9 APA Publication Manual)

  • Personal communications include emails, phone interviews, text messages, direct messages, live speeches, etc. Personal communications are considered not recoverable sources and are cited in text only. Do not add to your Reference list.
  • For citing Indigenous Oral Traditions see the Citing Indigenous Knowledge page in this guide.
Reference
Example

No Reference list entry required

In-text
Example

In an interview, J.S. Smith (personal communication, July 25, 2015) mentioned...

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PowerPoint presentation or Lecture Notes posted to D2L (10.14 example 102 APA Publication Manual)

  • If the slides come from a classroom website (D2L, Blackboard, etc.) and you are writing for an audience with access to that resource, provide the name of the site and its URL. Use the login page URL for sites requiring a login.
Format

Author, A.A. (date). Title of File [Format]. Name of site. URL

Reference Example

Won, S. (2020). Week 2 Thinking like a nurse [PowerPoint slides]. NURS-111-X02 Discipline of Nursing. D2L@Camosun. https://idp.camosun.ca/idp/Authn/UserPassword

Jaffey, M. (n.d.). Global marketing [PDF document]. MARK-110-007 Introduction to Marketing. D2L@Camosun. https://idp.camosun.ca/idp/Authn/UserPassword

In-text Example

(Won, 2020, slide 9)

(Jaffey, n.d.)

or

In lecture notes to a MARK 110 class, M. Jaffey (n.d.) wrote...

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