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APA Citation Style (7th edition)

Books

Book (print or electronic without DOI) (10.2 APA Publication Manual 7th ed.)

  • For Canadian editions include details in edition description (9.19 APA Publication Manual).
Format

Author, A.A. (date). Title of book: Subtitle information (edition). Publisher.

Reference Example

Seebohar, B. (2011). Nutrition periodization for athletes: Taking traditional sports nutrition to the next level (2nd ed.). Bull.

Guffey, M.E. (2013). Business communication: Process & product (4th brief Canadian ed.). Nelson.

In-text
Example

(Seebohar, 2011, p. 5)

(Guffey, 2013, p. 15)

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Book (print or electronic with a DOI) (10.2 APA Publication Manual 7th ed.)

Format

Author, A. A. (date). Title of book: Subtitle information (edition). Publisher. DOI

Reference Example

Hakeem, K. R., Abdul, W. M. Hussain, M. M., & Razvi, S. S. I. (2019). Oral health and herbal medicine. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-04336-0

In-text Example

(Hakeem et al., 2019, p. 40)

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Book (two authors) (10.2 APA Publication Manual 7th ed.)

  • Page numbers must be included for direct quotations. Page numbers are encouraged, but not necessary, for paraphrased material (8.25 APA Publication Manual)

Format

Author, A.A, & Author, B.B. (date). Title of book: Subtitle information. Publisher.

Reference
Example

McKenna, H.P., & Oliver, D.S. (2008). Nursing models, theories and practice. Blackwell.

In-text
Example

Direct quotation:

(McKenna & Oliver, 2008, p. 35)

Paraphrase:

(McKenna & Oliver, 2008)

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Book (three to twenty authors) (9.8 APA Publication Manual 7th ed.)

  • For parenthetical in-text citations for three or more authors include only the name of the first author plus "et al." (8.17 APA Publication Manual).
Format

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C. C., Author, D. D., Author, E. E., Author, F. F., Author, G. G., Author, H. H., Author, I. I., Author, J. J., Author, K. K., Author, L. L., Author, M. M., Author, N. N., Author, O. O., Author, P. P., & Author, Q. Q. (date). Title of book: Subtitle information. Publisher.

 

Reference Example

Yates, R.A., Bereznicki-Korol, T., & Clarke, T. (2011). Business law in Canada. Pearson.

In-text Example

(Yates et al., 2011, p. 411)

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Book (Group/Corporate/organization author) (9.11 APA Publication Manual 7th ed.)

Format

Author, A.A. (date). Title of book: Subtitle information, Publisher.

Reference
Example

Harvard Business School. (2010). Doing business ethically. Harvard Business Press.

In-text
Example

(Harvard Business School, 2010, p. 95).

Narrative in-text or Signal Phrase Example:

According to the Harvard Business School (2010)...

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Edited Book without a DOI (print or electronic from most academic research databases) (10.2 example 25 APA Publication Manual 7th ed.)

Format

Editor, A.A., & Editor, B.B. (Eds.). (date). Title of book: Subtitle information (edition).  Publisher.

Reference
Example

Kuah-Pearce, K.-E. (Ed.). (2008). Chinese women and the cyberspace. Amsterdam University Press.

In-text
Example

(Kuah-Pearce, 2008, p. 50)

If you have referred to both author and the date in the text of the paper use the page number only:

(p. 50)

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Edited Book with a DOI (print or electronic from most academic research databases) (10.2 example 24, APA Publication Manual 7th ed.)

  • Separate multiple publishers with a semicolon.

Format

Editor, A.A. & Editor, B.B. (Eds.). (date). Title of book: Subtitle information (edition). Publisher. DOI

Reference Example

Schmid, H.-J. (Ed.). (2017). Entrenchment and the psychology of language learning: How we reorganize and adapt linguistic knowledge. American Psychological Association; De Gruyter Mouton. https://doi.org/10.1037/15969-000

In-text Example

(Schmid, 2017, p. 65)

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Chapter in Edited Book without a DOI (print or electronic from most academic research databases) (10.3 example 39 APA Publication Manual 7th ed.)

Format

Author, A.A. & Author, B.B. (date). Title of chapter. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book: Subtitle information (Edition, pp. xx-xx). Publisher.

Reference Example

Burger, J. & Goddard, N. C. (2010). Communication. In P. A. Potter, A. G. Perry, J. C. Ross-Kerr, & M. J. Wood (Eds.), Canadian fundamentals of nursing (Rev. 4th ed., pp. 243-311). Mosby Elsevier.

In-text Example

(Burger & Goddard, 2010, p. 252)

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